Twinge of toothache – display of diseases of tooth (caries, a pulpitis, periodontitis). At caries the acute pain arises from reception of cold or hot, sweet or sour food and disappears if the irritant is eliminated. At a pulpitis the nature of pain pristupoobrazny, giving on the course of a trigeminal nerve to a temple or an ear. Periodontitis is accompanied by the constant localized, the pulsing toothache amplifying from a touch to a painful tooth. The toothache worsens the general health, negatively affects working capacity, the mode of a dream and food.
Twinge of toothache
Toothache – result of injury of a nerve which passes directly in tooth or in nearby fabric. Pain has sharp, unexpected character and irradiates in an ear or in a temple. Influence of heat or pressure can provoke emergence of a toothache of the pulsing or shooting character.
Deep caries with penetration of an infection into tissues of tooth can become the reason of a twinge of toothache which arises only at influence of irritants. Cracks in teeth, incorrectly sealed up tooth, a dentine exposure in a tooth neck – the main reasons for a twinge of toothache.
The spontaneous toothache can arise because of a pulpitis. At the same time it appears as during food, under the influence of irritants on the struck dentine, and at rest, usually at night. Pain usually has the constant aching or pristupoobrazny character. A characteristic symptom of pulpitny pain is irradiation to the area of an ear or temple, at the same time it is almost impossible to suffer from tooth pulpitny pain a long time.
The periodontal disease because of an inflammation of fabrics around a top of tooth can cause the constant aching or sharp pains. Pain usually has the pulsing character and amplifies at a touch to tooth. Gum which swelled up and inflamed, and tooth is loosened.
The twinge of toothache most often is explained by existence of a pulpitis which reason the streptococci which got to a pulp from a carious cavity and their toxins are. The toothache at a pulpitis has pristupoobrazny character and arises in evening and night time. In the afternoon the touch to the affected tooth can provoke pain.
If periodontitis is the reason of a toothache, then pain has intensive character as not only tooth, but also a bone tissue around a fang top is involved in inflammatory process. Pain is caused by gradual disintegration of the nervous termination and defeat of the copular device. Tooth becomes mobile, keeps in a jaw worse that causes a twinge of toothache at the slightest touch. At percussion on a painful tooth pain considerably amplifies.
If tooth abscess is the reason of a toothache, then the main symptom is development of the delimited abscess in a mouth and emergence of the pulsing swelling in the field of which sharp morbidity is noted.
Diagnosis of a toothache
It is necessary to differentiate a usual toothache from other diseases. The tumor of a jaw and an inflammation of a gaymorovy bosom can cause pains which are similar to toothaches at caries and periodontitis.
Treatment of a toothache
Medical tactics depends on the pain reasons. So, if the pulpitis is the reason, then make removal of a pulp with the subsequent sealing of channels.
But if the toothache arose at night or in the conditions of impossibility of receiving the qualified help of the stomatologist, it is necessary to stop a pain syndrome.
First of all it is necessary to clean teeth and to exempt carious cavities from the food remains. It is better to limit meal as the remains of food can provoke a new attack of a toothache. Rinsing of the affected tooth is shown by warm soda solution. an ibuprofen, sodium metamizol, acetilsalicylic to - that and any other analgetic accepted inside will help to remove a toothache attack. The tableted medicines cannot be put to the affected tooth as it can cause a chemical burn of mucous.
The folk remedies based on useful effects of herbs and plants for some time can kill a toothache if it began, for example, in a campaign. The plantain back attached to tooth will facilitate a toothache attack. One more effective means for removal of a toothache in similar conditions – small cut garlic wrapped in a gauze and attached to a wrist of a hand from which tooth hurts. Alcohol is not an analgetic, besides alcohol intake in combination with medicines can cause complications.
Acupressure or acupuncture will help to remove quickly a toothache attack that will give time for a visit to the stomatologist. It is necessary to press a cavity between a nose and an upper lip. The toothache can pass, but the main reason will remain. And, if caries is the reason of a toothache, then pain will come back from time to time. In process of progressing of a carious disease its intensity increases. The toothache at periodontitis renews after the end of action of an analgetic. Therefore above-mentioned ways are measures of ambulance at a twinge of toothache, and further tactics of treatment depends on the main disease.