Ateroma – a benign tumor of a sebaceous gland of skin. Obstruction of grease channels is the main reason for a disease. Ateroma is localized on sites of skin rich with sebaceous glands. The new growth has rounded shapes, a clear boundary, is painless at a palpation. Ateroma is diagnosed on the basis of dermatological survey. Its removal by perhaps radio wave method and in the way of surgical intervention. In lack of treatment there can be ateroma suppuration which is followed by its opening or passing into abscess of soft fabrics.
Ateroma – a benign tumor of a sebaceous gland of skin. Obstruction of grease channels is the main reason for a disease. Ateroma is localized on sites of skin rich with sebaceous glands. The new growth has rounded shapes, a clear boundary, is painless at a palpation.
Any conditions of an organism at which there is a violation of outflow of skin fat or full obstruction of a channel can lead to an ateroma. Gipergidroz, violations in a horn layer terms owing to what there is an epidermis thickening, lead violation of a natural slushchivaniye of the horny cages to obstruction of grease channels too. Ateroma can arise also against the background of hormonal violations because of which viscosity of a secret of a sebaceous gland increases that weakens secretory function of skin. Bad environmental conditions, professional harm, neglect personal hygiene, cosmetic medicines which narrow a channel of a sebaceous gland and antiperspirant deodorants are factors which increase risk of emergence of an ateroma.
Clinical manifestations of an ateroma
Ateroma is localized on skin rich with sebaceous glands. It is a hairy part of the head, a chin, skin of a neck and a back, area of axillary hollows and area of sexual folds. Externally the ateroma looks as small roundish education, smooth and mobile. Has a clear boundary, dense on a consistence. To the touch the ateroma is painless. In the center of an ateroma sometimes it is possible to see the increased output channel of a sebaceous gland.
Contents of an ateroma consist of slushchenny epidermis and a secret of sebaceous glands and represent white kashetseobrazny weight. Ateroma can be both single, and multiple, their sizes are variable too, some have to 4-5 cm a diameter. Ateroma of the big sizes cause to patients psychological discomfort if they are in places of friction - that pain when wearing clothes, also big ateroma can squeeze nearby fabrics and vessels, breaking in them metabolism processes.
Ateroma do not bear direct harm to health of the person, but at long existence of an ateroma its suppuration with formation of hypodermic abscess is possible. Inflammatory process is followed by pain in the field of an ateroma, puffiness and hyperaemia of skin. Sometimes temperature rises. The suppurated ateroma is inclined to spontaneous opening, at the same time from a tumor pus and saloobrazny contents is emitted.
Diagnostics and treatment of an ateroma
Not to allow complications, ateroma need to be deleted. The radio surgical method allows to remove completely atery from the minimum travmatizatsiy skin and the minimum blood loss. After surgery there is no scar left and hems, the operational wound quickly heals, any complications are not observed.