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Omission of eyebrows

Omission of eyebrows – the change of provision of a brovny arch which is characterized by its shift down and also moving of skin and hypodermic cellulose of an eyebrow to a zone of an upper eyelid that is followed by emergence on it excess, "excess" skin. Omission of eyebrows can be genetically inherited line or result of age changes of tissues of forehead. Both in that and in other case omission of eyebrows, wrinkles in a nose bridge and a forehead change a look, giving to the it tired, sad face. Besides, the overhang of skin of upper eyelids as a result of omission of eyebrows creates a visual barrier and limits fields of vision.

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Omission of eyebrows

Omission of eyebrows – the change of provision of a brovny arch which is characterized by its shift down and also moving of skin and hypodermic cellulose of an eyebrow to a zone of an upper eyelid that is followed by emergence on it excess, "excess" skin. Omission of eyebrows can be genetically inherited line or result of age changes of tissues of forehead. Both in that and in other case omission of eyebrows, wrinkles in a nose bridge and a forehead change a look, giving to the it tired, sad face. Besides, the overhang of skin of upper eyelids as a result of omission of eyebrows creates a visual barrier and limits fields of vision.

The main lines inherent in a forehead in youth, are the equal contour, lack of folds and wrinkles, good turgor and elasticity of fabrics. At the same time eyebrows settle down flush with edge of an eye-socket or slightly above it, and their highest point is in an interval between an external corner of an eye and a side edge of an iris of the eye. A preferable arrangement of male eyebrows – more horizontal, at the level of edge of an eye-socket.

Age changes of surrounding fabrics lead to omission of eyebrows and have an adverse effect on an esthetics of the person. Omission of eyebrows is characterized by their full or partial shift below the top level of an orbit, reduction of distance between bottom edge of an eyebrow and the upper ciliary edge, slackness and decrease in turgor of soft fabrics of temporal and frontal areas.

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Reasons of omission of eyebrows

The atrophy or gravitational changes of fabrics, congenital hyper elasticity of connecting fabric, and also damage of a frontal branch of a facial nerve can lead to omission of eyebrows. Omission of eyebrows at the same time quite often happens asymmetric, more lowered muscular tone stronger expressed on side of a face with.

Age aging of a zone of a forehead and eyebrows is not limited only to changes of skin, a subdermalny and fatty layer, but also affects muscles, the copular device, bones in which degenerate processes develop over time. The reasons of it are covered in the morfofunktsionalny changes connected with an age atrophy and which are shown deep horizontal wrinkles and furrows on forehead skin. Development of wrinkles of this area results from a long hyperactivity of muscles of eye-sockets (m. orbicularis oculi), a forehead (m. frontalis) and a nose bridge (m. corrugator).

Adverse effects of the environment (pollution, insolation, etc.) also cause emergence of wrinkles, pigmentation, the vascular drawing. Comprehensive assessment of the available changes is necessary for safe and optimum rejuvenation of this face zone.

Changes progress with age, bringing to the person psychological discomfort and discontent with the appearance. And though there are no strict standards of situation, configuration, length and width of eyebrows, most of people prefers to have highly raised or located eyebrows. Therefore many patients, without wishing to be reconciled with aging of a forehead and eyebrows, loss of harmonious and young lines of appearance, resort to various rejuvenating techniques.

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Methods of correction of omission of eyebrows

The modern cosmetology and plastic surgery offers a set of ways of solving the problem of omission of eyebrows.

Plastic surgeries on lifting of a forehead and eyebrows are directed to elimination of omission (ptoz) of soft tissues of eyebrows, a forehead, temporal area that in turn prevents or eliminates horizontal wrinkles of a forehead and longitudinal wrinkles of area of a nose bridge, surplus of skin in an upper eyelid.

The choice of a method of plasticity of a forehead and eyebrows is defined by the level of omission of fabrics of frontal and temporal area, quantity of wrinkles in a forehead and a nose bridge, and also an arrangement of the line of growth of hair. Depending on these factors at a problem of omission of eyebrows carrying out temporal lifting, endoscopic lifting of a forehead and eyebrows, classical ("coronary") lifting, and also tightening the top 1/3 persons is offered.

The technique of temporal lifting is intended for the patients of middle and advanced age having the isolated omission of an external third of an eyebrow and fabrics of temporal area.

Carrying out endoscopic lifting at omission of eyebrows is shown to two categories of patients:

  • middle age, having expressed eyebrows and superfluous on temples;
  • advanced age, having expressed eyebrows, a wrinkle of a forehead and a nose bridge, and also the expressed changes of face skin and a neck.

The most effective is combination of endoscopic lifting with carrying out conservative plasticity a century. During endoscopic lifting the reduction of muscles of mezhbrovny and frontal area is carried out that is followed by smoothing of wrinkles in a forehead. Operational cuts 1 cm long in number of 3-5 pieces are carried out in a hairy part of the head.

Performance of classical (coronary) lifting of a forehead and eyebrows is shown for patients of average and senior age the groups having the expressed wrinkles in mezhbrovny and frontal area, the top 1/3 persons, omission of eyebrows and fabrics of temporal area, the expressed asymmetry of eyebrows. By means of coronary lifting perhaps raspravleny and raising of a contour of eyebrows, smoothing of fabrics of temporal and frontal areas. This operation is ideal for the patients having a low forehead and the expressed wrinkles.

These techniques for the last years proved as high cosmetic and functional results. The eyebrows raised over eyes not only give more young-looking look to the face, but also do not lose the mimic function.

Among the other surgical techniques solving a problem of omission of eyebrows the lifting of eyebrows which is carried out through a section over an eyebrow is also applied. A lack of this technique is the noticeable hem remaining after plasticity that does its application more and more rare.

Carrying out transpalpebralny (through an upper eyelid) fixings of an eyebrow can be carried out during operation on the top blefaroplastika.

At slightly expressed omission a century in combination with the expressed wrinkles of a nose bridge excisions of muscles of a nadperenosye resort to carrying out transpalpebralny (through an upper eyelid).

As alternative to surgical techniques of a solution of the problem of omission of eyebrows serve procedures for introduction of the medicines containing , blocking transfer of neuromuscular impulses and limiting mobility of muscles the top 1/3 persons (BOTOX, LANTOKSA, DISPORT). However these procedures for maintenance of the reached effect demand periodic repetition of injections.

Carrying out laser and chemical peelings is often used as the additional treatment allowing to achieve the best results when carrying out a basic course.

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Omission of eyebrows - treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a doctor. Self-treatment is unacceptable!!!

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