Gipertrikhoz is an excess growth of hair on any parts of the body including on where growth of hair is not caused by action of androgens. Unlike a girsutizm which is observed only at women diagnose for both floors in different age categories. The congenital mutations caused by various adverse effects on a fruit during pregnancy can be the cause of a gipertrikhoz. Gipertrikhoz can develop at some diseases, as a result of ChMT, at the use of a number of medicines. Diagnostics of a gipertrikhoz means comprehensive dermatological and hormonal inspection of the patient. Treatment depends on an etiology of a gipertrikhoz. Removal is superfluous the growing hair perhaps an electroepilation.
Gipertrikhoz is an excess growth of hair on any parts of the body including on where growth of hair is not caused by action of androgens. Unlike a girsutizm which is observed only at women diagnose for both floors in different age categories.
Reasons of a gipertrikhoz
Genetic mutations at which the structure of epitelialny cages changes and they gain ability to be transformed to epidermalny cages, are the frequent reason of a gipertrikhoz. To mutations give the wrong course of pregnancy, infectious diseases in the first trimester, the gene further mutated is fixed in a genome and becomes the reason of a gipertrikhoz in the subsequent generations.
Modern observations in the field of a trikhologiya say that symptoms of a gipertrikhoz can appear because of awakening of hair follicles that is a harbinger of malignant tumors. Sometimes comes to light several years prior to emergence of a tumor and in 90% of patients with gipertrikhozy over time various onkoprotsessa come to light.
Use of medicines from group of streptomycin, tsefalosporin, penicillin, corticosteroids and psoralenovy, have side effect in the form of signs of a gipertrikhoz. Gipertrikhoz is one of symptoms of craniocereberal injuries, dermatomikoz, a bullous epidermoliz. At nervous exhaustion and nervous anorexia the symptomatology of a gipertrikhoz can be especially obvious.
After injuries including thermal, on the place of a hem it can be noted local . At the same time other parts of the body have normal indumentum. Traumatic can arise because of constant wrest of hair in a face. As a result pushkovy hair grow coarse, become thicker and more dark, their more expressed growth is noted.
Malformations of bone system, for example splitting of a handle of a vertebra and malformations of mentality are often combined with clinical manifestations of a gipertrikhoz.
Clinical manifestations of a gipertrikhoz
Gipertrikhoz is shown by the excess growth of hair in those places where it is not considered norm taking into account age, sex and an ethnic origin. So, growth of hair standing and hips at women of the Mediterranean is norm. But the same manifestation at girls and representatives of Asian nationalities already manifestations of a gipertrikhoz.
At men it is shown by the excess growth of hair on a back and shoulders and is an atavism symptom. In the form of atavism it is shown right after the birth. The baby has a large number of long or pushkovy hair. At the same time the face and palms can be covered with hair too. Before such children killed, now rather successfully treat.
diagnose for children together with a nevus more often. Limited at children and at adults it can be shown in the form of an union of eyebrows. At men it is shown in the form of the excess growth of hair in the face, a back and legs.
Diagnostics and treatment of a gipertrikhoz
For exact establishment of the diagnosis of a gipertrikhoz of one manifestations insufficiently. It is necessary to exclude the hormonal nature of a disease and a girsutizm. Besides visit of the dermatologist, it will be necessary to undergo inspection at the endocrinologist and the gynecologist. Therefore the individual scheme of treatment of a gipertrikhoz is selected.
If hormonal violations are not revealed, then treatment of a gipertrikhoz consists a hair at a distance. Independent correction of a gipertrikhoz in a face by means of tweezers and wax plates leads to strengthening of symptomatology. The only reliable method of therapy of a gipertrikhoz is the electric epilation.
In particular at children before the end of puberty apply decolouration of hair by means of 3% of peroxide of hydrogen to correction of a gipertrikhoz or delete surplus of hair by means of special creams.
For correction of a gipertrikhoz by means of an electric epilation it is necessary to refuse other methods of removal of hair. The needle bent at right angle is entered deeply into a follicle and influence electric discharge a hair bulb. Also affect several nearby hairs. After extraction of a needle, hairs are carefully taken tweezers. They have to leave independently without any efforts, otherwise the procedure needs to be repeated. The electroepilation session at a gipertrikhoza occupies about half an hour. For one session moves away from several, to several tens hair depending on sensitivity of the patient to the procedure. At a chin gipertrikhoza within a year do about 60 procedures, the area epilation over an upper lip will take three months before half a year then symptoms of a gipertrikhoz will completely disappear. Many resort to this procedure and at a girsutizm, however it is ineffective as pathology arises because of hormonal violations, and hair grow again.
If the epilation at a gipertrikhoza is painful, then resort to local anesthesia. Hypostasis and an insignificant eritema after the procedure pass during the day. For the entire period of an electroepilation it is necessary to use sun-protection means to prevent a dot hyperpegmentation. Resort to an electroepilation at a gipertrikhoza of a thorax, stomach and pubis as ordinary shaving and removal of hair by means of wax leads to more intensive growth of hair.
As the mutation of genes is the main reason for a gipertrikhoz, researches in the field of correction of a genome will help to develop new techniques of treatment of a gipertrikhoz at which the subsequent generations will be saved from probability of its emergence.