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Eye diseases

Ophthalmology – the field of clinical medicine studying diseases of eyes: pathological conditions of an eyeball and the additional device of an eye – plaintive glands, a century, conjunctivas, and also surrounding eyes of bone and myagkotkany structures. As the most important problem of ophthalmology serves development and improvement of methods of prevention, identification and treatment of diseases of the eyes directed to preservation and correction of visual function. Experts in the field of diseases of eyes are doctors ophthalmology. The surgical and laser ophthalmology, an oftalmoonkologiya, an oftalmotravmatologiya, children's ophthalmology, etc. belong to narrower ophthalmologic specialties.

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Eye diseases

Ophthalmology – the field of clinical medicine studying diseases of eyes: pathological conditions of an eyeball and the additional device of an eye – plaintive glands, a century, conjunctivas, and also surrounding eyes of bone and myagkotkany structures. As the most important problem of ophthalmology serves development and improvement of methods of prevention, identification and treatment of diseases of the eyes directed to preservation and correction of visual function. Experts in the field of diseases of eyes are doctors ophthalmology. The surgical and laser ophthalmology, an oftalmoonkologiya, an oftalmotravmatologiya, children's ophthalmology, etc. belong to narrower ophthalmologic specialties.

The visual analyzer - a sense organ, unique on the value. By means of sight of people obtains up to 80% of information on the world around. Unfortunately, the percent of the people having diseases of eyes around the world steadily grows. Therefore it is so important to have an idea of the first symptoms of diseases of eyes, measures of prevention of an oftalmopatologiya and ways of its treatment, and also to understand the importance of the timely request for the qualified ophthalmologic help.

Diseases of eyes can arise at any age: they can be genetically determined, congenital, acquired. At children considerable decrease and loss of sight leads to a delay of mental development, negatively affects further speech function, the motive sphere, forms the distorted, indistinct, fragmentary ideas of surrounding reality, complicates establishment of social communications and skills of behavior in society. In this regard the system of the early help in ophthalmology provides carrying out screening of newborns, children of early, preschool and school age for the purpose of identification of subclinical symptoms of diseases of eyes (a retinopathy premature, squint, an ambliopiya, glaucoma, a cataract, short-sightedness, far-sightedness, etc.) and rendering the early correctional medical and pedagogical care.

The acquired diseases of eyes can be connected with the general and infectious diseases of the person: avitaminosis And, clumsy rubella, diabetes, injuries, chronic centers of a bacterial infection, hypertension, atherosclerosis, renal pathology, neurologic diseases, pregnancy pathology etc. Most often in ophthalmology the diseases of eyes which are characterized by deviations in the optical apparatus of an eye - far-sightedness, a presbiopiya, short-sightedness, an astigmatism, etc. are diagnosed. The big group of diseases of eyes is made by inflammatory pathology of various structures of an organ of vision – conjunctivitis, keratita, blefarita, iridotsiklita, retinita, uveita, endoftalmita, barley and so forth. Traumatic damages of structures of an eye – burns, mechanical injuries of eyes, hit of foreign matters are extremely dangerous on the consequences.

Diseases of eyes can develop sharply or gradually, suddenly declaring oneself sharp decrease in sight. Diseases of the neurovascular device of an eye, first of all, belong to such pathology: atrophy of an optic nerve, ischemic neuropathy of an optic nerve, occlusion of arteries and veins of a retina, horioretinalny dystrophy, etc. The factors which are negatively influencing function of sight and increasing risk of diseases of eyes consider age, chronic diseases of heart and vessels, metabolism diseases, adverse conditions of the environment, stresses, smoking, deficiency of vitamins and rare minerals (zinc, selenium), etc.

The last decades are celebrated by rapid development of ophthalmology. The modern equipment, innovative technologies, low-invasive techniques are at the disposal of experts today. For detection of diseases of eyes the big range of diagnostic techniques – test, biometric, ultrasonic, electrophysiological, x-ray, optical, laboratory, etc. is used. Broad application in surgery of diseases of eyes was found by the laser machines used for correction of sight, treatment of pathology of a cornea and a retina, glaucoma and a cataract. Did not lose the relevance in ophthalmology traditional medical manipulations, hardware methods of correction of sight, microsurgical technicians of treatment of diseases of eyes. Today the majority of surgical interventions in ophthalmology can be executed to the patient in out-patient conditions.

The ophthalmology meets the highest international standards, offering a full range of the specialized help. The medical reference book of diseases posted on the website "Medicine-for-you.com" has the section "Diseases of Eyes" which is designed to help to understand ophthalmologic problems and to acquaint readers with ways of their optimal solution.

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