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Small chin

The chin plays an important role for formation of the correct face form. The small, poorly developed chin usually is caused by congenital defects of a structure of the lower jaw, is more rare - post-traumatic or postoperative consequences. At a small, sloping chin the lower jaw smoothly passes into a neck, at the same time the accurate line of a chin is absent. Speak about a small chin and in case its size and a form do not correspond to proportions of a forehead, nose and cheekbones.

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Small chin

The chin plays an important role for formation of the correct face form. The small, poorly developed chin usually is caused by congenital defects of a structure of the lower jaw, is more rare - post-traumatic or postoperative consequences. At a small, sloping chin the lower jaw smoothly passes into a neck, at the same time the accurate line of a chin is absent. Speak about a small chin and in case its size and a form do not correspond to proportions of a forehead, nose and cheekbones.

The beautiful face of the person has to have harmoniously developed, accurately outlined lines. High cheekbones and slightly acting chin are considered as one of signs of the proportional, balanced face. Small, at first sight, defect - a small or sloping chin can spoil an overall picture and a beautiful, pretty face to turn into unattractive. And, having eliminated this defect, it is possible to change appearance of the person radically.

The shape of a chin depends on the provision of a side corner of the lower jaw and is defined by expressiveness of "a podborodochny triangle" – a ledge in a forward part of the podborodochny area. It is considered that height of an ideal chin equals to a half of height the lower 1/3 persons. The line of a chin at the same time has to be accurately, but smoothly outlined.

People of young age a problem can have a weak, small or sloping chin. It is possible to define it as follows: to look sideways at the inclined head and to conditionally draw two lines – horizontal, passing through acoustical pass and bottom edge of an eye-socket and vertical - through the deepest point at a nose root. If the chin does not play for the vertical line – it is a chin underdevelopment sign (microgeniuses). Also assessment of a bite of the patient is important (most of all increase in a chin is recommended at the microgenius with normal or almost normal bite).

At patients of advanced age thinning and an atrophy of soft fabrics, loss of a bone tissue is observed (in particular, between side departments of the lower jaw and a chin), the vperedichelyustny furrow can appear. In this case plasticity of a chin (including endoprosthesis replacement) is necessary for improvement of a configuration of the lower jaw and giving to the person of more young-looking look.

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Methods of correction of a small chin

Thanks to modern technologies the plastic surgery uses the safe methods of correction of insufficiently developed small chin and not too accurately outlined cheekbones intended both for women, and for men. Plasticity of a chin carries the name of a mentoplastika. Operations on increase in cheekbones and (or) a chin are carried out according to esthetic indications, help to create the correct, proportional profile of the person, to make it more attractive and expressive. Carrying out correction of these areas in the presence of congenital and post-traumatic deformations is especially important.

To carry out correction of a small chin, cheekbones, a face form it is possible in several ways.

Correction of a small chin by method of bone plasticity consists or in extension of own bone of the lower jaw of the patient, or in promotion of podborodochny department due to installation of tiny plates (for example, from the titan). Further, a metalwork can be left or removed at the request of the patient. Thus it is possible to change the chin size, to push it forward, to make it visually more, than it was earlier. Such increase in a chin is safer than statement of silicone implants in soft fabrics since there are no reactions of rejection of alien materials and probability of migration of an implant. The section no more than 4 cm in size is made in a mouth (in a fold between mucous the lower teeth and a lower lip), it is absolutely imperceptible and well begins to live.

Plasticity of a small chin can include a combination of bone plasticity with liposkulptury (liposuction of a chin). Creation of an individual chin at the request of the patient is possible. Increase in a chin in some cases can be recommended when performing circular face lifting or lifting of a neck.

Increase in a small chin by an endoprosthesis replacement method (by means of implants) is carried out more than 40 years. Now popularity of this procedure considerably increased. In advance to estimate desirable result, application of preliminary sketches in the photo or computer modeling is possible. The surgeon together with the patient selects the implant suitable in a form and the sizes.

Endoprosthesis replacement of cheekbones and chin is carried out by the safe front implants made of not biological material (silicone, polyethylene porous) or bioimplants (on the basis of cartilaginous tissue). Bioimplants are modelled by the surgeon individually in the course of operation. The implant can be entered through cuts 3-4 cm long in a fold of a mucous membrane of a mouth or in a skin fold under the lower jaw. At access for implantation through an oral cavity traces from operation are imperceptible.

Through a section make an otsloyka of a periosteum in a zone of a chin and on edge of the lower jaw according to the implant sizes. The implant side parts comes into podnadkostnichny tunnels and rather densely adjoins to a bone, without being displaced anywhere. Sometimes the implant is in addition fixed seams to a periosteum. After operation apply an elastic bandage.

To increase a small chin by perhaps non-invasive method of a lipofiling. Correction of area of a chin (also cheekbones, cheeks) in this case is carried out by cells of own fatty tissue of the patient.

Plasticity of a chin is usually carried out under the general anesthesia. It is possible to combine increase in a small chin with other correcting procedures: rhinoplasty, lifting of a forehead and person.

The rehabilitation period after correction of a chin lasts several weeks. Within several days after operation in a chin morbidity, a sleep and some affectation will be felt, small hypostases can be observed. If the section was executed in an oral cavity, then within a week it is better to abstain from reception of firm food. Carefully it is possible to brush teeth already next day. It is regularly necessary to rinse a mouth solution antiseptics which will be appointed by the doctor.

In a thread mouth gradually resolve, at an external section remove seams in a week. Carrying an elastic bandage - a bandage for fixing of a chin within two weeks is appointed. It is recommended to avoid sports and physical activities within a month after operation.

The cosmetic effect of a mentoplastika depends on individual recovery abilities of an organism. Finally it is possible to estimate it in 3 - 6 months after operation.

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Small chin - treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a doctor. Self-treatment is unacceptable!!!

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