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Snore – the violation of breath in a dream which is followed by vibration of soft tissues of throat and nasopharynx and an izdavaniye of the low-frequency jingling sound. Can confirm existence of LOR-pathology, excessive weight or functional frustration. Snore often is followed by respiratory standstill attacks () that leads to oxygen insufficiency of vitals and systems and increase in risk of development of a heart attack and stroke. Snore leads to violation of the full-fledged dream which is most snoring and the people surrounding it.

Snore

Snore – the violation of breath in a dream which is followed by vibration of soft tissues of throat and nasopharynx and an izdavaniye of the low-frequency jingling sound. Can confirm existence of LOR-pathology, excessive weight or functional frustration. Snore often is followed by respiratory standstill attacks () that leads to oxygen insufficiency of vitals and systems and increase in risk of development of a heart attack and stroke. Snore leads to violation of the full-fledged dream which is most snoring and the people surrounding it.

In a dream every fifth person on Earth snores. About 3% of the population suffer from periodic respiratory standstill during sleep (sleepy ). Owing to some anatomic features of a structure of airways men are more predisposed to snore. On one constantly snoring woman, 10 men are necessary. Every tenth man in the world worries during sleep from time to time. The breath delay in certain cases proceeds more than 1 minute.

Snore reasons

At the sleeping person the tone of muscles of the top airways decreases. Normal during a breath pressure in a cavity of a thorax becomes negative and air "is soaked up" in lungs. Excessive decrease in a tone of muscles of a throat and throat leads to the fact that together with air soft tissues of the top airways are inside involved. A sound source at snore is fluctuation of walls of a throat, a soft palate and root of language. arises if soft fabrics during a breath are closed and block a gleam of airways.

The probability of developing of snore increases at some diseases and states. All reasons of snore and sleepy can be divided into two big groups: anatomic and physiological.

Anatomic reasons of snore

The risk of developing of snore and sleepy increases at anatomic narrowing of the top airways. Airways can be narrowed at a curvature of a nasal partition, polyps in a nasal cavity, congenital narrowness of the nasal courses and drinks, increase in almonds, adenoides, the extended palatal uvula, the small, displaced lower jaw and excessive weight.

Functional reasons of snore

Narrowing and decrease in a muscular tone of airways can be caused by fatigue, deficiency of a dream, smoking, alcohol intake and somnolent medicines, decrease in function of a hypophysis and thyroid gland. The tone of muscles of a throat decreases with age and at approach of a menopause at women.

Snore consequences

Snore even if it is not complicated by respiratory standstill, can become the reason of repeated microawakenings. Episodes of similar awakenings are not realized and not remembered. Violation of normal structure of a dream leads to the fact that the organism does not manage to have a rest during the night. As a result the person having snore does not get enough sleep, quickly gets tired, tests constant drowsiness.

The snore which is not followed by respiratory standstill not always breaks structure of a dream. Snore with periodic respiratory standstill in response to a lack of oxygen starts the cascade of pathological reactions. about 500 times in a night can repeat and 10-20 seconds last on average. At each respiratory standstill the organism suffers from a lack of oxygen. The brain reacts to a hypoxia and sends to an organism a signal to a prosypaniye.

Normal the dream consists of several consecutive phases. At frequent awakenings the brain does not manage to reach deep phases of a dream – the periods of full relaxation of muscles and a lowering of arterial pressure. Constant microawakenings activate sympathetic nervous system. As a result at the person suffering arterial pressure increases, pulse becomes frequent, sometimes there are violations of a warm rhythm.

Blocking of airways at the snore which is followed sleepy leads to sharp decrease in intra chest pressure. Airways on a breath are fallen down, the thorax continues to have the soaking-up effect, playing a role of peculiar "bellows". "the vacuum trap" in which blood is sucked in is created. Extremities and internals suffer from a lack of blood while heart is overloaded with the excessive volume of liquid.

Constant operation of these pathological mechanisms on a human body brings to development of a hypertension, arrhythmias, heart attacks and strokes. Patients with the snore which is followed quite often have problems with a potentiality. They have accidents because of drowsiness and decrease in attention more often.

The snoring people are inclined to abuse of somnolent medicines and alcohol. Patients with snore get to a peculiar vicious circle: snore interrupts a sleep, the patient begins to use hypnotic drugs, the tone of muscles of a throat and throat decreases even more, snore amplifies.

Diagnosis of snore and sleepy

For identification of the reasons of snore and degree of expressiveness the polisomnografichesky research is conducted. At the sleeping patient change oxygen level in blood, control the arterial pressure and heart rate. For assessment of structure of a dream carry out brain EEG. Anatomic changes of ENT organs come to light at survey of the otolaryngologist and when carrying out a rinoskopiya, laringoskopiya, computer tomography, active rinopnevmomanometriya and functional tests.

Treatment of snore

To patients recommend to normalize weight and to refuse use of somnolent medicines. As a rule, snore arises when the person sleeps lying on a back. There are special techniques for development of new reflexes – habits to sleep on a stomach or on one side. For prevention of snore patients can use special devices (various nipples and nosorasshiritel). At heavy snore and obstructive the special mask for a dream is used. Medicines at snore are ineffective.

The choice of tactics of surgical treatment depends on the snore reason. Correction of a nasal partition (septoplastik), removal of polyps in a nose by the laser and removal of the increased almonds is carried out (tonzillektomiya). Plastic surgeries on a drink and a soft palate are carried out: uvulotomiya and uvulopalatoplastika. Classical surgical techniques, laser surgery and radio surgery are applied.

Snore - treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a doctor. Self-treatment is unacceptable!!!

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