Traumatology and orthopedics – the sections of medicine which are closely connected among themselves. The traumatology studies damages of the musculoskeletal device (bones, ligaments, joints, muscles and sinews), is engaged in diagnostics and treatment of these damages. The orthopedics specializes in prevention, diagnostics and treatment of the functional violations and deformations of the musculoskeletal device which resulted from a disease, a trauma or a congenital malformation.further...
Diseases of ODS and trauma
Traumatology and orthopedics – the sections of medicine which are closely connected among themselves. The traumatology studies damages of the musculoskeletal device (bones, ligaments, joints, muscles and sinews), is engaged in diagnostics and treatment of these damages. The orthopedics specializes in prevention, diagnostics and treatment of the functional violations and deformations of the musculoskeletal device which resulted from a disease, a trauma or a congenital malformation.
There is an interrelation between traumatology, orthopedics and other medical specialties: sports medicine, prosthetics and the medical rehabilitation including massage, physical therapy and physiotherapy exercises.
The traumatology role constantly increases in the modern world. Every year car accidents and accidents lead to death of millions of people on Earth. Result of injuries it becomes frequent long disability and deterioration of life of people.
Most often damages of the musculoskeletal device happen at road, home, production and sports injuries. Level and weight of damage depend on the trauma mechanism (features of traumatic impact on a human body).
For the last decades the traumatology underwent considerable changes. Earlier plaster bandages and skeletal extension were the main methods of treatment of changes. Today in traumatology various operational techniques are widely applied.
It is constantly improved technicians of an osteosynthesis (fixing of changes by intra bone, nakostny and chreskostny designs). Carrying out an osteosynthesis allows to reduce terms of treatment of changes, to avoid dangerous complications as a result of a long immovability (decubituses, pneumonia, trombemboliya) and not to allow development of contractures (restriction of mobility of joints).
Modern technologies are actively used. The cut-off fingers sew, applying microsurgical methods. Joint operations are performed by means of the endoscopic equipment. Endoprosthesis replacement of joints (replacement of the destroyed or injured joint with a biocompatible artificial limb) develops.
Possibilities of traumatology constantly extend. Nevertheless, recovering from a trauma is still impossible without active participation of the patient. In this period it is very important to observe recommendations of the doctor, to develop joints, to do remedial gymnastics etc. You remember: the more passed time from the moment of a trauma, the it is more difficult to restore the lost function of muscles, bones and joints.
Traumatology – the section of medicine most of which of people faces only during short term. Unlike it the orthopedics, as a rule, deals with the chronic diseases demanding long-term treatment.
Along with modern quick technicians, the orthopedics widely uses traditional conservative techniques: massage, manual therapy, physiotherapy exercises and physical therapy.
At treatment of orthopedic diseases, as well as in the period of recovering from injuries, the patient's spirit, his readiness to follow recommendations of the doctor and to make an active contribution to process of own recovery is of great importance.
We hope that the section "Traumatology and Orthopedics" of the Medical reference book of diseases of the website "Medicine-for-you.com" will help you to obtain all necessary information on injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal device and ways of their treatment.further...