MEDICINE-FOR-YOU.COM
We collect information to make medicine more understandable for you

Freckles

Freckles (efelida) — small, multiple, yellowish-brownish color the pigmentary spots of rounded shape which are localized mainly on open parts of the body (a face, shoulders, hands, a back, a thorax). The first rashes of freckles usually develop at 5-6-year age, reaching a maximum during puberty, the hereditary factor is the reason of their emergence. The quantity of freckles repeatedly increases during the spring-year period under the influence of sunshine. In the winter of their manifestation are less noticeable. Manifestation of freckles is more expressed at people with a fair or red hair, with age their quantity decreases. The moderate quantity of freckles gives to the face a certain charm and a charm.

    Freckles

    Freckles (efelida) — small, multiple, yellowish-brownish color the pigmentary spots of rounded shape which are localized mainly on open parts of the body (a face, shoulders, hands, a back, a thorax). The first rashes of freckles usually develop at 5-6-year age, reaching a maximum during puberty, the hereditary factor is the reason of their emergence. The quantity of freckles repeatedly increases during the spring-year period under the influence of sunshine. In the winter of their manifestation are less noticeable. Manifestation of freckles is more expressed at people with a fair or red hair, with age their quantity decreases. The moderate quantity of freckles gives to the face a certain charm and a charm.

    Cause of freckles

    In emergence of freckles the crucial role is played by the hereditary factor connected with change of structure of the cages-melanotsitov synthesizing a pigment melanin: melanotsita begin to produce melanin much more intensively. Besides, their uneven distribution in skin under the influence of ultraviolet rays results not in equal suntan, and to emergence of freckles. At fair-haired and red-haired people with blue eyes which skin contains insufficient amount of melanin freckles are especially numerous. Freckles – some kind of protective reaction of skin to ultra-violet radiation saving from solar burns and malignant regeneration of cells of skin.

    Except heredity, the hormonal imbalance, stresses, diseases of a liver and a gall bladder, hypovitaminoses, frequent peelings exert impact on emergence of freckles. Therefore in a number of cases it is necessary to talk not about treatment of freckles, and about prevention of their emergence.

    Prevention of emergence of freckles

      To prevent a rash of freckles with approach of spring it is necessary to include in a food allowance the products rich with ascorbic and nicotinic acid (vitamin C and PP) which shortage leads to strengthening of pigmentation of skin. We receive vitamin C with many fruit and vegetables, and nicotinic acid contains in meat of chicken, beef, a liver, buckwheat.

    Accustoming of skin to ultraviolet has to be gradual, unsharp that development of a pigment was more uniform. In a sunny weather it is necessary to wear a hat with fields or a sun-protection umbrella. It is not necessary to appear in the sun with 11 do15 hours, in the period of the highest solar activity.

    Going outside, since March and till fall, it is necessary to apply sunblock cream with SPF on skin from 15 to 30. The natural components which are a part of creams and lotions, such as juice of an euphorbia and chistotel, coffee extract, cocoa butter, allow to reduce negative impact on ultraviolet skin. Pripudrivany skin the powder containing quinine or salol are also rendered by protective property. After preliminary cleaning of skin for the night it is possible to apply bleaching cream on problem sites.

    Folk remedies on removal of freckles

        There is a set of the national methods of fight against freckles based on use of vegetable means with the bleaching effect. Freckles can be bleached, wiping skin with the lemon juice divorced in water (several lemon segments on a glass of cool water) or parsley juice (2 teaspoons of small chopped parsley greens on 1 glass of boiled water). The good effect gives wiping of skin juice of a fresh cucumber, grapefruit or blackcurrant. The substances which are contained in them, getting into skin, oxidize a pigment and do skin is lighter. Soft, the bleaching action which is not irritating skin, fermented milk products (sour milk, koumiss, kefir, curdled milk) possess. Spirtovy cucumber lotion is effective for removal of freckles. Cucumber seeds insist 2 weeks on 40-degree ethyl alcohol or vodka, then filter and part with water in the ratio 1:10. Daily wiping of skin cucumber lotion or 5-10-minute masks considerably clarify pigmentation. Infusion of flowers of a dandelion also has the clarifying effect on skin. The handful of flowers is filled in with a glass of boiled water, cooled and filtered. This infusion is applied on places of a congestion of freckles. Effective means of disposal of freckles is the mask from mix of horse-radish and sour milk (on a quarter of a glass of milk - 1 tablespoon of oatmeal and a half of a teaspoon of polished horse-radish). The mask is applied with a thin layer on the pigmented sites of skin for 15-20 minutes.

    The bleaching lotions and masks should be applied on skin in the evening that later their applications not to appear in the sun. Phytocomponents are also a part of the ready bleaching cosmetic creams and lotions including also a complex of vitamins and the softening basis. Duration of treatment by them makes from 2 to 4 weeks. Creams apply on previously cleared skin with the easy movements, next morning the remains of cream are removed cosmetic wipes or washing with soap.

    Removal of freckles at the cosmetologist

       The uneven congestion of the painting melanin pigment in epidermis is shown on skin in the form of freckles. Therefore removal of freckles is possible only together with removal of a blanket of skin. For this purpose in esthetic cosmetology apply chemical methods of removal of freckles – peelings with a complex of the acids providing bleaching of skin. Removal of freckles is possible also by method of a hardware peeling - grindings of skin the aleksandritovy and erbium laser. Special medicinal structures of local action ("lotion") have the peeling and depigmenting effect. So, for example, mix of salicylic alcohol with white mercury ointment, a nonsense and 20% solution of phenol causes a slushchivaniye of the top layer of epidermis bleaching of pigmentary spots. Mercury-containing medicines use no more than a week and strictly on doctor's orders as they have a number of a contraindication to application.

    It is possible to resort to a method of a diatermokoagulyation for removal of senile freckles.

    In some cases removal of freckles is carried out by method of quartz treatment of skin, causing its peeling. There are usually enough 10 sessions held every other day. This method is good for the people forced to spend much time in the fresh air in the sun. Freckles disappear, at the same time, also sensitivity of skin to ultraviolet decreases. Radiation of skin by quartz is carried out under control of the expert.

    The majority of procedures for bleaching and peeling of freckles leads to early formation of wrinkles, dryness and presenilation of skin. Therefore properly look at yourself in a mirror and think, can after all it is worth accepting itself such what you was created by the nature: naughty, lovely, with fervently scattered freckles? If all of you decided to fight against freckles, then begin with the sparing natural means. And it is even better - not to wait when the sun decorates" you with freckles and to take preventive measures in advance, so far sunshine are not so active.

    Forecast of removal of freckles

    Only a part of people constantly "carries" on itself freckles, for the majority is the seasonal phenomenon passing in cold season. It is much easier to prevent emergence of freckles, than to treat. And, despite a wide choice of the methods of fight against freckles offered by traditional and modern medicine, the end is not put to the solution of this problem yet. Only the competent and qualified help of experts will allow you to minimize manifestation of freckles or even completely to be exempted from them.

    Freckles - treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a doctor. Self-treatment is unacceptable!!!

    Information published on the website
    it is intended only for acquaintance
    also does not replace the qualified medical care.
    Surely consult with the doctor!

    When using materials of the website the active reference is obligatory.