Dermatology (Greek derma – skin, logos – the doctrine, literally "the doctrine about skin") – medical discipline which objects of studying are skin, its appendages (hair, nails, grease and sweat glands), mucous membranes, their structure and functioning, and also diseases and diagnostics, prevention and treatment. In dermatology as medical science there are special clinical sections studying separate diseases and their treatment (a mycology, a trikhologiya). The dermatology is closely connected with venereology, cosmetology, allergology and other medical disciplines.further...
Dermatology (Greek derma – skin, logos – the doctrine, literally "the doctrine about skin") – medical discipline which objects of studying are skin, its appendages (hair, nails, grease and sweat glands), mucous membranes, their structure and functioning, and also diseases and diagnostics, prevention and treatment. In dermatology as medical science there are special clinical sections studying separate diseases and their treatment (a mycology, a trikhologiya). The dermatology is closely connected with venereology, cosmetology, allergology and other medical disciplines.
Skin is a part of a complete structure of an organism and represents the largest human organ seen for an eye. It as the indicator, reflects a condition of all bodies and systems of an organism, protects them from mechanical damages and penetration of an infection. As a rule, skin diseases demonstrate any violation of functions of internals, unhealthy habits and a way of life of the patient. Skin diseases, in turn, can lead to serious consequences for an organism in general if in due time not to begin their treatment.
Features of a structure of skin, variety of its functions and influence of a large number of internal and external factors, cause a variety of skin diseases, or, a dermatosis.
Influence external, or exogenous, factors is very diverse. Physical and chemical agents cause inflammatory diseases of skin - dermatitis (burns, attritions, an intertrigo, etc.). Biological factors lead to fungal damages of skin – to mycoses (an epidermofitiya, a microsporia), pustulous diseases – piodermiya (impetigo, , gidradenit), to parasitic invasions (a pediculosis, itch), virus damages of skin (herpes, warts).
The large role in developing of skin diseases is played internal, or endogenous, by factors: it diseases of internals, chronic centers of an infection, metabolism violation, hypovitaminoses, disorder of functions of nervous system. All these factors can cause various pathological processes in skin and its appendages, mucous membranes: inflammation, gemorragiya, change of pigmentation and even death of separate skin structures (hair bulbs, fibers of connecting fabric, etc.).
At emergence of the first symptoms of skin diseases (such as, an itch, burning, morbidity, change of color and a relief of skin, skin rashes) the dermatologist should address the expert. The skilled doctor already at the first attentive survey of integuments and careful collecting the anamnesis of life of the patient can make the right diagnosis. For specification or confirmation of the diagnosis in dermatology additional methods of a research of skin, mucous, a hair, nails are widely used: tool, laboratory, radiological, special skin tests, etc.
Treatment of skin diseases demands from the patient of patience and accurate observance of an algorithm of treatment. An important role in successful treatment is played by hygienic care of the affected skin, observance of a diet and mode of medicamentous therapy. Drug treatment of skin diseases can be the general and local. In dermatological practice physiotherapeutic and beauty equipment procedures, psychotherapy, sanatorium treatment, phytotherapy, homeopathy are widely used. In some cases in the absence of clinical effect of conservative treatment surgical intervention or connection of narrow experts is shown. Most often treatment of diseases of skin is complex and combines several different methods at once. Today by means of the latest medical and diagnostic techniques the dermatology allows to achieve treatment of such diseases which still quite recently were considered as incurable.
Skin diseases are among the most widespread diseases of the person, and practically everyone faces these or those their manifestations for the life. According to data of the World Health Organization (WHO), over 20% of all population of Earth have diseases of integuments.
Many dermatosis carries a chronic recidivous current and will difficult respond to treatment. The most widespread diseases of skin are dermatitis of various genesis, eczema, fungal diseases, eels (acne), skin warts, simple herpes, psoriasis, skin cancer.
The modern dermatology pays much attention to questions of recovery of health of skin, studying of mechanisms of age and pathological changes of skin, nails and hair, treatments of oncological diseases, to search of new methods of diagnostics and treatment of dermatological diseases.
With the website "Medicine-for-you.com" you will be aware always of the most urgent information on diseases of skin and methods of their treatment.
The popular scientific Internet edition "Reference Book of Dermatology" entering the Medical reference book of diseases posted on the website does not apply for an exhaustive statement of all data on skin diseases, but contains the most necessary general and practical recommendations in everyday life.further...