Endocrine diseases

Area of studying of endocrinology are medical aspects of a structure and functioning of endocrine glands (or endocrine glands), studying of biologically highly active agents produced by them – hormones and their action on an organism, and also the diseases arising in connection with violation of activity of these glands or productions of hormones. The endocrinology is very closely connected practically with all fields of clinical medicine since hormones operate the major processes happening in an organism: growth, maturing, reproduction, metabolism, correct functioning of bodies and systems.

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Endocrine diseases

Area of studying of endocrinology are medical aspects of a structure and functioning of endocrine glands (or endocrine glands), studying of biologically highly active agents produced by them – hormones and their action on an organism, and also the diseases arising in connection with violation of activity of these glands or productions of hormones. The endocrinology is very closely connected practically with all fields of clinical medicine since hormones operate the major processes happening in an organism: growth, maturing, reproduction, metabolism, correct functioning of bodies and systems.

The modern directions in endocrinology are the neuroendocrinology studying interrelation of nervous and endocrine regulation of an organism, and the gynecologic endocrinology which is engaged in correction of hormonal frustration in a female body.

The endocrine system unites in itself anatomic the endocrine glands which are not tied among themselves: , hypophysis, parathyroid glands, thyroid gland, thymus, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads. The majority of diseases of endocrine glands cause the heaviest violations of the vital functions, without excluding a lethal outcome if in time not to address the doctor-endocrinologist.

The most urgent problems of modern endocrinology are prevention, diagnostics and treatment of diseases of a thyroid gland (the diffusion toxic craw, tireoidit, a hypothyroidism, cysts of a thyroid gland), diabetes, diseases of gipotalamo-hypophysial system (an akromegaliya, giantism, a hypothalamic syndrome, not diabetes, problems of a lactation, a prolaktinom), diseases of adrenal glands (nadpochechnikovy insufficiency, tumors of adrenal glands), violations of functions of gonads (endocrine infertility). Today, thanks to knowledge accumulated by endocrinology and practical experience, perhaps considerably to improve quality of life of patients with endocrine pathology.

Deterioration in an ecological situation, stresses, unbalanced food, the burdened heredity often cause violations in work of endocrine glands and lead to development of endocrine diseases. Diseases of endocrine system, as a rule, have long, difficult character. Therefore it is important to prevent their emergence in time, to reveal as soon as possible or to prevent development of their complications.

The address to the doctor-endocrinologist is necessary if:

  • the immediate family has any endocrine pathology: diabetes, diseases of a thyroid gland, etc.
  • you suffer from excess weight
  • you had symptoms: the strengthened heartbeat, perspiration or dryness of skin, fatigue or irritability, thirst and the strengthened mocheotdeleniye, change of coloring of integuments etc.
  • the child has a delay of intellectual, physical, sexual development
  • menstrual function is broken
  • you plan pregnancy or there are problems with its approach
  • you already have an endocrine disease and you need observation and treatment.

The comprehensive examination including studying of the anamnesis of the patient, analyses on the content of various hormones, ultrasonography of glands, a magnetic and resonant tomography is applied to diagnosis of endocrine pathology. Based on the obtained data, the issue of further conservative or surgical treatment is resolved.

Treatment of endocrine diseases is directed to correction of hormonal violations, achievement of permanent remission of pathological process and restoration of normal quality of life of the patient.

In the Medical reference book of diseases on the website "Medicine-for-you.com" you will get acquainted with characteristics of endocrine diseases. On the website "Medicine-for-you.com" you obtain all necessary information on the existing methods of prevention and treatment of the endocrine diseases and the medical centers which are carrying out endocrinological practice.

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