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Diseases of mammary glands

Mammology - the independent section of medicine studying a structure of mammary glands of the woman, the physiological processes, and also prevention and treatment of the arising diseases of a mammary gland happening in them. The mammology is interconnected with other medical disciplines studying the woman's organism: gynecology, endocrinology, and also surgery and oncology. Diseases of mammary glands can arise at women during the different age periods. The most dangerous concerning oncological pathology of mammary glands the age is considered 40 years are more senior. Women during this period need to carry out regularly self-checking of a breast, to undergo its radiological inspection and ultrasonography.

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Diseases of mammary glands

Mammology - the independent section of medicine studying a structure of mammary glands of the woman, the physiological processes, and also prevention and treatment of the arising diseases of a mammary gland happening in them. The mammology is interconnected with other medical disciplines studying the woman's organism: gynecology, endocrinology, and also surgery and oncology. Diseases of mammary glands can arise at women during the different age periods. The most dangerous concerning oncological pathology of mammary glands the age is considered 40 years are more senior. Women during this period need to carry out regularly self-checking of a breast, to undergo its radiological inspection and ultrasonography.

Mammary glands of the woman are pair glands of external secretion. Their main function in a female body – laktatsionny, t. the production of milk providing feeding of the baby. Therefore mammary glands are called in a different way chest glands.

As any other body, mammary glands are influenced by all processes, occurring in a female body: the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, a lactation, a menopause – a breast reacts to all this the anatomo-physiological changes.

In spite of the fact that the most part of life of the woman mammary glands are "in rest", but as hormonedependent body, they undergo the complex changes caused by physiology of a female body. And emergence of the majority of diseases of a mammary gland is connected with violations of a hormonal background.

So, at endocrine frustration in a mammary gland there can be good-quality educations – mastopathy, a cyst and fibroma of a mammary gland. Their development is quite often connected with abortions, and also the inflammatory diseases of bodies of the female reproductive sphere breaking hormonal function of ovaries and other endocrine glands.

The diseases of a mammary gland conducting to its inflammation - to mastitis, develop, as a rule, in the breastfeeding period: it and nipple cracks.

Special concern of mammologists-oncologists is caused by growth of quantity of malignant tumors (breast cancer). Injuries and inflammatory diseases of a breast, abortions, sexually transmitted infections, late (after 35 years) the first pregnancy and childbirth, endocrine frustration, addictions, ecology and heredity contribute to their development.

An important role in the prevention of diseases of a mammary gland is played by timely treatment of genital pathology, respect for personal hygiene and rules of breastfeeding, self-checking, regular visit of experts: gynecologist and mammologist.

Each woman monthly has to examine attentively mammary glands for 6-12 day of a menstrual cycle. At detection of the first guarding symptoms it is necessary to resort to consultation of the mammologist urgently.

Emergence in the woman at least of one of complaints can testify to this or that mammology disease: consolidation, morbidity in breasts, emergence of allocations from nipples, change of skin on a breast and in a nipple, change of a form of gland, increase in lymph nodes in axillary zones.

After 35 years women need to undergo once a year ultrasonography of mammary glands, and after 40 – mammography once in 2 years. It is necessary to visit the mammologist if you plan pregnancy or reception of oral contraceptives.

Today the majority of in due time revealed diseases of a mammary gland successfully is treated conservatively. Surgical treatment of mammology pathology is directed to the most careful preservation of body and its function.

In the Medical reference book of diseases the main diseases of mammary glands are in detail stated, methods of their diagnostics and treatment are described. It can help you to estimate independently a condition of your breast and in time to distinguish symptoms of the beginning disease.

The beautiful and healthy breast is a pride of the woman, a subject of envy of girlfriends and an object of attention of men. On the website "Medicine-for-you.com" you will always find useful information how to keep your breast healthy and attractive for many years.

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