Proktologiya – the special section of gastroenterology dealing with preventive and medical and diagnostic issues of diseases of a large intestine, back pass and pararectal space. Most often in proktologichesky practice inflammatory diseases of a large intestine and disorder of its motive function meet. Good-quality new growths, and also malignant oncological diseases of a large intestine are not rare. Feature of a course of many proktologichesky diseases is existence of quite long hidden malosimptomny period.further...
Diseases of a large intestine
Proktologiya – the special section of gastroenterology dealing with preventive and medical and diagnostic issues of diseases of a large intestine, back pass and pararectal space. Most often in proktologichesky practice inflammatory diseases of a large intestine and disorder of its motive function meet. Good-quality new growths, and also malignant oncological diseases of a large intestine are not rare. Feature of a course of many proktologichesky diseases is existence of quite long hidden malosimptomny period.
Total length of a large intestine makes from 1,5 to 2 meters. In it the food remains, slime, microbes which died off cells of a mucous membrane accumulate and there is a formation of kalovy masses. The large intestine includes blind, obodochny (ascending, cross and descending), sigmovidny and a rectum. A final part of a rectum comes to the end with an anal opening which is surrounded with pararectal cellulose. Various defeats of this extensive zone of a digestive tract make big group of diseases which specialists proctologists treat.
As the most frequent reasons of development of proktologichesky problems serve locks, an inactive way of life, features of food (abuse of spicy, flour, greasy food, alcohol), pregnancy and childbirth, stresses, congenital anomalies of development, a trauma. They conduct to an intestines inflammation, violation of its motor function and microflora, a travmatization of a mucous membrane, expansion of veins of disteel department of intestines. So there are diseases thick and a rectum, back pass: colitis, kriptit, papillit, paraproktit, anal cracks, hemorrhoids, dysbacteriosis, polyps and a rectum and the anal channel, the epitelialny coccygeal course, etc.
The general displays of proktologichesky diseases are belly-aches, discomfort and an itch of back pass, a diarrhea or a lock, a proktalgiya, availability of blood in Calais, mucopurulent allocations from back pass.
Sensitivity of a problem and feeling of bashfulness leads to the fact that many patients prefer to suffer a long time and do not ask for medical care. And meanwhile, proktologichesky diseases cause physical and psychological discomfort and can lead to serious defeat of an organism in general. The most dangerous consequences of diseases of a thick gut, a rectum and back pass are involvement in pathological process of bodies of urinogenital system and the top departments of a digestive tract, it is purulent - septic complications. Many proktologichesky diseases serve as a background for development of malignant new growths. Therefore the visit to the proctologist should be paid at emergence of the first suspicious symptoms.
The modern proktologiya uses the high-precision and safe diagnostic techniques allowing the doctor to make the right diagnosis: manual research of a rectum, tool endoscopic methods (kolonoskopiya, rektoromanoskopiya, anoskopiya), radiological research (irrigoskopiya), clinical and bacteriological laboratory methods (blood tests, koprogramma, biopsy of new growths and fabrics), computer and magnetic and resonant tomography. Many methods of diagnostics demand special preparation of a large intestine, release it from kalovy masses by statement of a cleaning enema or reception of laxative.
Treatment of proktologichesky diseases is based on a complex basis. It includes clinical nutrition, physiotherapeutic, psychotherapeutic procedures, antibacterial therapy, according to indications – surgical intervention.
The useful information which is contained in the section of a proktologiya of the Medical reference book of diseases will help to secure itself against proktologichesky problems to you. If diseases already arose, then to choose the necessary clinic and the specialist proctologist you will be able on our website "Medicine-for-you.com".further...